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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 55-60

Burden of antenatal depression and its risk factors in Indian settings: A systematic review


Department of Food and Nutrition, Institute of Home Economics, Delhi University, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bani Tamber Aeri
Department of Food and Nutrition, Institute of Home Economics, Delhi University F-4, Hauz Khas Enclave, New Delhi - 110 016
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/INJMS.INJMS_36_18

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According to the National Mental Health Survey-2016, one in every ten persons in India suffers from depression and anxiety, and 20% of these depressed Indians are pregnant women and new mothers. This systematic review was conducted to assess the burden of depression and risk factors associated with it among the Indian pregnant women. Electronic database (PubMed and Google Scholar) was used to identify any retrospective/prospective observational research studies published in English language which specifically examined antenatal depression (AD) among Indian women using a validated scale. A total of 995 citations were retrieved, out of which only eight studies were included. The prevalence of AD was found to be ranging from 9.18% to 65.0% in northern, western, and southern part of India. However, there is a lack of research on AD from the eastern part of country. The factors such as unplanned pregnancy, multigravidity, history of abortion, advancing pregnancy and age, lower/lower-middle socioeconomic status, poor education status of women, unemployment, bad relations with in-laws, male gender preference, and demand for dowry were significant predictors for AD. Therefore, it is necessary to provide the health-care professionals and women with the knowledge about these factors for early prediction of women at high risk of AD, which might help them to get timely intervention and reduce the burden of depression. Furthermore, the results from this review implicate that more research is needed in future in this field to further validate the findings of the present review.


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