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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 47-49

The dark areas of esophagus: Esophageal melanocytosis

1 Department of Anatomical Pathology and Cytology, Aware Gleneagles Global Hospitals, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Aware Gleneagles Global Hospitals, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
3 Department of General Surgery, Deccan College of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tameem Afroz
16-9-457/A/1, Old Malakpet, Hyderabad - 500 036, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/injms.injms_120_22

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Esophageal melanocytosis characterized by melanocytic proliferation in the epithelium of esophagus is extremely rare disease. Aberrant migration of melanocytes during embryogenesis occurs in a small number of cases. Hence, the occurrence of benign and malignant melanocytic lesions is now known entities in esophagus. Melanocytosis is a benign entity and is very rare with an incidence of 0.07%–2.1%. The etiology of these lesions is not known. Endoscopic, histologic, and staining characteristics of two lesions are described. These cases were diagnosed from 450 endoscopic biopsies studied over a period of 10 months.

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